A judge is someone who is in charge of all the court proceedings. He or she does this alone or with other judges. The functions, powers, processes of appointment, pieces of training of the judges vary, according to an Oklahoma Interstate Drug Lawyer. Whether or not they work alone depends on the rules of the different jurisdictions, the country, and other factors.
Sometimes it even has to do with the case itself. The judge has to conduct all the trials impartially – after all, people are presumed innocent until they are proven guilty. A judge has to hear all witnesses and pieces of evidence of any forms, that are presented in front of them by the lawyers.
Then he or she can assess the integrity of the parties based on the arguments. Once that is complete, then he or she can declare his or her judgment.
What A Judge Needs to Be
A professional judge needs certain qualifications.
These are: A professional judge must have a legal education and have showed proficiency in laws. He or she must have a license and degree to practice law. Professional experience also is required – though there is not a time limit.
They are usually employed by the state heads or leaders before becoming lawyers. He or she has to be impartial and know all the rules of law – or at least show that he or she knows many of the most popular laws broken.
For those that they do not know, judges have to research as well as process many types of documents, files and various different types of case materials. They have to understand different types of complex cases.
All judges have to understand the law as well as the legal procedure. This requires outstanding skills, high logical reasoning and ability to analyze and make decisions.
The essential requirements of a volunteer judge are:
- The volunteer judge, like a magistrate, does not need any kind of legal training.
- He or she does this for free.
- Volunteers obviously require some experience. They usually do so, on the basis of case studies, experience, and personal analysis.
Differences Between a Professional Judge and a Volunteer Judge
The differences between a professional judge and a volunteer judge are: A professional judge needs legal education and training. He or she has to go to law school. But a volunteer judge needs no such thing. A professional judge is allowed to choose the proceeding schedule and dates, whereas the volunteer judge has no right to do so.
A professional judge is more likely to preside over criminal cases or political cases. But a volunteer judge cannot do so. The powers of volunteer judge, though similar to a professional judge, are quite restricted.
A professional judge is usually appointment until retirement or death. But a volunteer judge has a term of 4 years only. A professional judge is employed by the head of a state. But a volunteer judge is appointed by other judges.
Jurisdiction of any volunteer judge falls within a county, city, state or any small region. The professional judges have the authority to introduce it to demolish any law or regulation. A volunteer judge does not have that right.
The main purpose of judges is to enforce and maintain law and regulation is the state. A judge whether professional or volunteer has to do so, impartially, with complete knowledge of all the details of the case files, proceedings and the viewpoints of witnesses.
His or her judgment depends on their interpretation of the law, experience, and personal judgment capability. A judge has to have excellent decision-making powers. Upon him or her, depends the fate of a man, convicted of charges.